Sunday, February 26, 2012

The wx module - tutorial 02 - class and button function

In this tutorial I will show how to use wx using one class example.

This tutorial is based on some code from a previous tutorial.

Let's see the source code:

import wx

class my_gui_form(wx.Frame):
 def __init__(self):
  wx.Frame.__init__(self, None, -1, 'Example windows wx with Python',size=(300,150))
  wx.StaticText(self, -1, 'User', (10, 20))
  user = wx.TextCtrl(self, -1, '',  (110, 20), (160, -1))
  wx.StaticText(self, -1, 'Password', (10, 50))
  passwd = wx.TextCtrl(self, -1, "", (110,50),(160, -1), style=wx.TE_PASSWORD)
  conn = wx.Button(self, -1,'Connect',(10,80),(260, -1))
  conn.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.onButton)
  
 def onButton(self, event):
  button = event.GetEventObject()
  print "The button's label is: " + button.GetLabel()
  print "The button's name is: " + button.GetName()

if __name__ == "__main__":
 app1 = wx.App(False)
 frame = my_gui_form()
 frame.Show()
 app1.MainLoop()

First , I make a class named my_gui_form.

Also I add the self on each function from this class.

I make the onButton function to working with the button Connect.

I read the event of the button with event.GetEventObject.

The link with this function is make by:

conn.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.onButton)

Source Code Optimization:

The -1 from is can replace with wx.ID_ANY.

Thursday, February 23, 2012

The wx module - tutorial 01

Install wx python module using root account.

# yum install wxPython.i686 

The most simple example is show bellow.


$python 
Python 2.7.2 (default, Oct 27 2011, 01:36:46) 
[GCC 4.6.1 20111003 (Red Hat 4.6.1-10)] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import wx
>>> app1=wx.App()
>>> frame=wx.Frame(None,-1,'Example windows wx with Python')
>>> frame.Show()
True
>>> app1.MainLoop()
>>> 

Let's see the result of this python script:

Let's take a look at the source code.

import wx

This line of code allows us to use wx python module.

app1=wx.App()

This line defines our application named app1.

A frame is a window whose size and position can be changed by the user.

Let's see:

frame=wx.Frame(None,-1,'Example windows wx with Python')
frame.Show()

Finally, processing and display function in main function.

app1.MainLoop()

Bellow, we can see a more complex example, where we find : labels , two editbox and one button.

The event-processing function button has not been implemented.

import wx
app1=wx.App()
frame=wx.Frame(None,-1,'Example windows wx with Python',size=(300,150))
wx.StaticText(frame, -1, 'User', (10, 20))
user = wx.TextCtrl(frame, -1, '',  (110, 20), (160, -1))
wx.StaticText(frame, -1, 'Password', (10, 50))
passwd = wx.TextCtrl(frame, -1, "", (110,50),(160, -1), style=wx.TE_PASSWORD)
conn = wx.Button(frame, -1,'Connect',(10,80),(260, -1))
frame.Show()
app1.MainLoop()

Let's see the result of this python script:

I will illustrate how this working in a future tutorial.